【荷兰】荷兰的学前教育基础数据

2016.07.05

关键词:
ECEC , 保育 , 制度 , 各国基础数据 , 学前教育 , 幼保教育 , 欧洲 , 荷兰
要了解世界保教状况,则掌握各个国家的背景环境是必不可少的。在本栏目中,我们从国家的人口规模、教育投资等基础信息到教育制度,主要以学前阶段为中心进行介绍。希望能够为关心世界保教工作的读者提供一些参考。
English 

荷兰

 

 

1.首都:阿姆斯特丹
2.人口:1684.4万人(2015)
3.官方语言:荷兰语
4.货币:欧元(EUR)
5.教育及保育制度

  • 学制:托儿所(0岁至3岁)、学前班/play group(2岁至3岁)、小学(4岁至11岁)、中学(12岁起)、大学等(17/18岁起)
  • 管辖机构:教育、文化与科学部(管辖教育相应施设),社会事务和就业部(负责管辖保育)
  • 义务教育:5岁至16岁

6.入学率

  • 3岁:83% (2012)
  • 4岁:100% (2012)
  • 5岁:100% (2012)
  • 6岁:100% (2012)

7.公共财政教育支出占GDP比

  • 学前:0.4% (2011)
  • 初等・中等・高等教育以外的中等后教育:3.8% (2011)
  • 所有教育阶段:5.9% (2011)

8.班级规模(人数)

  • 初等教育:23(2012)

9.师生比例

  • 学前:16(2012)
  • 初等教育:16(2012)

10.国际评价项目中排名

  • PISA 2012: 数学-10、阅读-15、科学-14
  • TIMSS 2011(4年级):
    数学-12、科学-14

  

 
 

相关内容出处

2. Population Division, United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision. http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.

5. OECD. Diagram of Education System. http://gpseducation.oecd.org/CountryProfile?primaryCountry=UKM&treshold=10&topic=EO.

Unesco IBE(2012). World Data on Education: Netherlands. 7th edition, 2010/2011. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Netherlands.pdf.

The Netherlands Youth Institute. Early childhood services. http://www.youthpolicy.nl/yp/Youth-Policy/Youth-Policy-subjects/Early-childhood-services.

6. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table C2.1 Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933118333.

7. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933117573.

8. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.

9. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.

10. OECD (2013). PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS. Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-snapshot-volume-I-ENG.pdf.

Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_M_Chapter1.pdf, p.40.

Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Stanco, G.M. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timss.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_S_Chapter1.pdf, p.38.

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